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Molluscan Fisheries Division (MFD)


Pearl Culture
Mussel Culture
Edible Oyster Culture
Gastropod Culture
Cephalopod Culture

Pearl Culture
Significant achievements in Pearl Culture in India
1972 Initiated a project on Pearl Culture at Tuticorin Research Centre of CMFRI along the southeast coast
1973 Production of first cultured marine Pearl in India
1981 First batch of pearl spat produced in Hatchery
1985 - 87 Initiation of Pearl culture programmes in different maritime states
1985 - 90 Sea ranching of pearl oyster larvae and spat to revive the natural stock
1991 India hosted the FAO/NACA* training programme on Pearl culture at CMFRI -imparting training on pearl culture to trainees from other South, South East and East Asian countries
1993 Village level Pearl production through direct involvement of small-scale fishers. Pearls worth US $ 2178 were produced
1994 Pearl produced along west coast through farming operations in the Arabian Sea
1996 - 99 Signing of Memorandum of understanding with private entrepreneurs
1997 Development of an indigenous pearl nucleus upto 18 mm size by a private entrepreneur

Pearl Culture Protocol

Pearl Culture Scenes

Pearl farm in sea off Mandapam

Cultured pearls

Farm grown oysters ready for surgery

Pearl oyster surgery in progress

Mussel Culture Scenes

Open sea rack off Narakkal

Estuarine rack in Mulky

Harvested mussels from an open sea raft in Calicut

Mussels grown on rope in the sea off Baindur ready for harvest

Edible Oyster Culture Protocols

Edible Oyster Culture Scenes

Farm in Ashtamudi

Integrated Farming

Gastropod Culture
 Sacred Chank Culture
 Whelk (Babylonia sp) culture
 Abalone culture

Cephalopod Culture


Advantage of very high growth rates
Upto 3 generations of Sepiella inermis have been raised in the lab
Partial success in culture of Indian squid

Bivalve Mariculture Production
Click for full size

S.No Name Designation Area of work
1 Dr.K.K.Appukuttan Principal Scientist & Head of Division Molluscan Fisheries & Mariculture
2 Mr.T.S.Velayudhan Principal Scientist Molluscan Fisheries & Mariculture
3 Dr.V.Kripa Senior Scientist  Molluscan Fisheries & Mariculture
4 Dr.K.Sunilkumar Mohamed Senior Scientist  Molluscan Fisheries & Mariculture
5 Dr.Shoji Joseph Scientist (SS) Molluscan Fisheries & Mariculture